Quite often I see questions about DBCC CHECKDB error messages along the lines of:
Msg 8909, Level 16, State 1, Line 2 Table error: Object ID 0, index ID -1, partition ID 0, alloc unit ID 72057594045726720 (type Unknown), page ID (16:1330467) contains an incorrect page ID in its page header. The PageId in the page header = (48:93722876).
Specifically, the part that confuses people is “Object ID 0, index ID -1, partition ID 0”. There isn’t an object ID of 0 in the system, and how can an index have an ID of -1?
This pattern means that DBCC couldn’t work out which object the page is part of.
There’s a data structure I invented when I rewrote DBCC CHECKDB for SQL Server 2005 called a DbccCombinedID, which encapsulates all the relevant IDs that identify where a page belongs. The default values for object, index, and partition IDs are 0, -1, and 0, respectively. When the page is read by DBCC CHECKDB, the allocation unit ID is calculated (see here for the algorithm) from the m_objId and m_indexId fields in the page header, and then DBCC CHECKDB does all the metadata look-ups to figure out the other IDs. If the page header is corrupt such that the calculated allocation unit ID isn’t valid, the other IDs can’t be populated and the ‘owner’ of the page cannot be found. There will likely be other error messages referencing the corrupt page as well.
So what do you do? Follow your usual method for dealing with corruption. See my post SQLskills SQL101: Dealing with SQL Server corruption for lots of advice.